Rats and mice are mammals, warm blooded animals, which belong to the group known as rodents. They live in most countries sharing food and shelter with humans.
These pests are responsible for large amounts of food loss and contamination from the crop stage through to the storage of processed foods. They are incontinent which means they continually urinate along their trails and on food. We feel fear at their ability to transmit disease. Bubonic Plague or black death (which is transmitted to humans via the Oriental rat flea) killed 25 million people in 14th Century Europe. Although not a problem in present day Australia, other diseases - eg. salmonellosis, do exist.
Rodents need to continually gnaw on hard materials to wear down their front teeth. This behaviour results in damage to electrical and telephone cables, which can cause fires and other costly damage.
Winter can be the time of year when rats and mice will come in out of the cold to nest in our roofs, subfloors and kitchens. They will construct nests close to where they scavange for food and water and can eat a large variety of human foods.
There are 3 main pest species:
The Norway Rat or Sewer Rat - Ratus Norvegicus - A larger rat that lives at ground level.
The Roof Rat - Rattus Ratuus - A slender rat with a pointed now, large ears, a tail longer than its head and body, and a very skilled climber.
The House Mouse - Mus Muscus - Will colonise a variety of habitats - because of its size and ability to move about quietly, infestations will go unnoticed until numbers are large.
Help! I think I have rats or mice
The home owner will hear sounds, such as scratching, light thumping and gnawing. You may see evidence of droppings over surfaces, urine stains, greasy smear marks along rats main routes, and teeth marks. These are some of the indicators that rodents are present in your home.
Because rodents are social animals, you will not just have one rat, you will have a whole family and community.
DIY Rodent Control
You may be able to block entry holes and pay close attention to sanitation and hygiene. Pruning back bushes to discourage easy access for climbing rats to your roof may help. Aviaries, rabbit hutches, compost bins will all attract rats and mice. So placing these away from the house is important.
If Austrapest technicians have supplied and installed lockable rodent stations, you can monitor these and top up the bait yourself. Our customers find this has helped keep infestations under control between our service visits.
The Austrapest Control Process
Your local Austrapest technician provides a service for rodents including thorough inspections, identification, physical trapping, proofing of entry points and baiting, and supplying and installing lockable rodent bait boxes which ensures the safety pets and children.
Contact Austrapest to discuss your particular needs with your rodent problems and we will customise an ongoing solution for you.