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Rats and mice are mammals, warm blooded animals, which belong to the group known as rodents. They live in most countries sharing food and shelter with humans.
These pests are responsible for large amounts of food loss and contamination from the crop stage through to the storage of processed foods. We feel fear at their ability to transmit disease. Bubonic Plague or black death (which is transmitted to humans via the Oriental rat flea) killed 25 million people in 14th Century Europe. Although not a problem in present day Australia, other diseases - eg. salmonellosis, do exist.
Rodents need to continually gnaw on hard materials to wear down their front teeth. This behaviour results in damage to electrical and telephone cables, which can cause fires and other costly damage.
There are three main pest species:

The Norway Rat or Sewer Rat - Ratus Norvegicus
Heavy set - 450g
Blunt nose, small ears, tail shorter than head and body, 5 - 6 litters per year
Lives at ground level and swims well
Will eat a wide range of foods.

Photo c/- Crop Care

The Roof Rat - Rattus Rattus
Slender - 260g
Pointed nose, large ears, tail longer than head and body, 4 - 5 litters per year
Skilled climber
Prefers moist food, but will eat a wide range.

Photo c/- Crop Care

The House Mouse - Mus Muscus  
Slender - 20g
Pointed nose, large hairy ears, long bald tail
6 - 10 litters per year
Will eat a wide range of foods and is capable of conserving water
Will colonise a variety of habitats - because of its size and ability to move about quietly, infestations will go unnoticed until numbers are large. The mouse is popularised in children's stories, but its ability to spread disease is often unknown.

Photo c/- Crop Care

Biology and Habits:
Rats and mice are social animals living in groups. They are nocturnal and omnivorous scavengers (ie. can eat a wide range of human foods), and can adapt very well to human living conditions. They have keen senses of smell, touch, and hearing, but their sight is poor.
Rats are neophobic, which means they have a fear of new things in their environment and stick to well known routes. Mice on the other hand are curious and adventurous.
Winter is the time of year when rats and mice will come in out of the cold to nest in our roofs, subfloors and kitchens.
They construct their nests close to areas where they scavenge for food and water and use soft materials such as shredded paper or fabric. Their nests are often found in wall cavities, roof voids and underfloor areas.
Detecting the Presence of Rodents:
Sounds, such as scratching, light thumping and gnawing, evidence of droppings over surfaces they travel, urine stains, greasy smear marks along their main routes, and teeth marks are some of the indicators that rodents are present in your home. All of these factors can assist your local Austrapest Pest Manager to determine the species and size of infestation.
The first step in control for the householder is to give attention to sanitation and hygiene, and block entry holes where possible. When the problem is out of control, professional assistance is necessary.
Your local Austrapest technician provides a service for rodents including thorough inspections, physical trapping, proofing of entry points and baiting. Technicians use their specialised knowledge of rodent behaviour to successfully control these pest problems.

Rats nest in a roof

Evidence of rat droppings in the roof

Austrapest/ Kevmac provides excellent customer service and support. We have competitive prices for the high quality of Pest control services offered.

Austrapest and Kevmac together have been established in the Sydney Metropolitan since 1949 (over 60 years of excellence in Pest Management).

If you think you have rodent issues or just want to be sure you don't,
call us now for an inspection on 1300 030 040 or contact us

Is your Pest Manager Pest Cert accredited? Austrapest is and proud of it!

Austrapest and Kevmac together have been established in the Sydney Metropolitan since 1949, providing excellence in pest services.

Call us now on 1300 030 040 or email us

Is your Pest Manager Pest Cert accredited?
Austrapest is - and proud of it.

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Contact Information

Postal Address: PO Box 186, Concord Rd Concord West, NSW 2138, Australia

Phone: 1300 030 040

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